All posts by Adm1n

Nika Nishk: website and development of logo, year 2013

When it came time to find a name for the CURA Tshiue-natuapahtetau / Kigibiwewidon project website, project members looked for a symbol to represent the initiative undertaken by the project. They thought of wild geese, called bustards, which are migratory by nature, always returning to their starting point. These geese represent the objects and their return to communities. The name of the website comes from the translation of the word « bustard » into the languages of the communities, namely, nika in Anishinabemowin and nishk » in Nehlueun.


A logo was designed based on the website name, thanks to the collaboration of two artists, Denis Blacksmith, from Mashteuiatsh, and Daryl Tendesi, from Kitigan Zibi, and graphic designer, Véronique Archambault-Gendron. Each artist drew a bustard and Véronique incorporated both drawings into a logo. The two bustards are graphically similar and different at the same time. One is plainer while the other is more detailed. They represent the two communities, which, like the bustards, have different characteristics. These wild geese, flying in the same direction, represent the collaborative work the project has accomplished.

The circle, behind the bustards, represents the cycle of the initiative taken to repatriate the objects. The circle is open because the project is in progress and the cycle is incomplete. This shape also symbolizes the circle of healing, of well-being and evokes the drum (teuehikan, in nehlueun, and tewegan, in anishinabemowin). A more detailed wing, on one of the bustards, represents the feather.

Véronique has also designed the whole website. In order to feature different aspects of the project, she has chosen photos taken during different activities. In particular, we can see project participants and objects associated with both communities.

Audio archiving workshop in Mashteuiatsh in the spring of 2014

An audio archiving workshop took place in Mashteuiatsh during the month of May 2014. Research assistants Béatrice Lecomte andCorina Macdonald, from the CURA-Tshiue-natuapahtetau / Kigibiwewidon project, worked together with people from the Musée amérindien de Mashteuiatsh (Masteuiatsh Aborignal Museum) to improve certain aspects of the museum’s management of audio archives and databases.

First, the database for the audio documents was conceptualizedin collaboration with the museum staff, in order to adapt the model for audio support records and to catalogue a large number of interviews undertaken with members of the community, as well as their French and Nehlueun transcriptions.The data capture of the new database generates a record for each interview, making the classifying and tracking of transcriptions easier.

A guide of recommendations on digitizing and preserving the audio records was also drafted. In it, you can find technical standards as well as the equipment and formats recommended to ensure the conservation of audio documents. This guide, partly inspired by Indigitization, attempts to respond as adequately as possible, to the stakes involved in the preservation of audio archives in the communities. The database created during this workshop identifies numerous interviews belonging to Mashteuiatsh’s oral heritage, which can be easily accessed by researchers and members of the community.


Presentations at Conferences and Colloquia

Bibaud, Julie, Reconstitution du patrimoine culturel et gouvernance : regards d’acteurs patrimoniaux Mikmaq sur leur pratique, ACFAS, 7 mai 2013.

Courtois, Bibiane, Tshiue-nathapahtetau : Le retour des objets du patrimoine, vers un mieux-être individuel et communautaire, ACFAS, Québec, 7 mai 2013.

Dubuc, Élise, Le musée comme représentation symbolique du territoire : les enjeux du rapatriement, ACFAS, Québec, 7 mai 2013.

Dubuc, Élise, Repatriation and Cultural Categories. The Post Humain Remains Era : Questioning Beings and Things, American Anthropological Association, 20 novembre 2013.

Greenberg, Reesa, Le retour des biens spoliés aux Juifs. Quelques points de repère, ACFAS, 7 mai 2013.

Nagy, Murielle, La réappropriation du patrimoine autochtone : des enjeux de propriété intellectuelle et d’éthique, ACFAS, 7 mai 2013.

Nigay, Claire, Le « rapatriement virtuel : un défi pour les sciences de l’information, ACFAS, 7 mai 2013.

Price, Richard, Reprendre leur territoire : le cas du Peuple Saramaka contre État du Suriname, ACFAS, 7 mai 2013.

Price, Sally, « Unringing the Bell » : appropriation, rapatriement et le problème du temps, ACFAS, Québec, 7 mai 2013.

Rowley, Susan, Créer un environnement virtuel de recherche inclusif : le « Reciprocal Research Network » initié en Colombie-Britannique, ACFAS, 7 mai 2013.

Tenasco, Anita, Kigibiwewidon, le retour des restes humains et objets culturels significatifs : la démarche des Anishinabeg de Kitigan Zibi, ACFAS, Québec, 7 mai 2013.

Whittam, Julian, Réappropriation et renouveau culturel : l’exemple du tambour de bois plié chez les Haida, ACFAS, Québec, 7 mai 2013.

Whittam Reid, Julian et Samantha Tenasco, « In the Spirit of Our Ancestors » : the Repatriation of Human Remains and Associated Objects to Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, American Anthropological Association, 21 novembre 2013.

École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l’information (EBSI)

The mission of the École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l’information (EBSI, the school of library and information studies) of the Université de Montréal (UdeM) is two fold : to train professionals and researchers in managing recorded information and knowledge with a view to maximising the transfer and use of these within society, and to contribute to the advancement of knowledge and practice in information management through the school’s research activities at both the national and international levels. EBSI offers two undergraduate certificates, one in the management of digital information, and the other in archival science. Its master’s programme is accredited by the American Library Association. EBSI also offers a Ph.D. in information studies. The school’s faculty members conduct research on a broad variety of areas related to information management in all contexts.

In the Tshiue-Natuapahtetau / Kigibiwewidonproject, EBSI’s role is to organise and manage the project’s web site, to manage documentation generated by the project, and to plan the permanent archive that will remain once the project is completed. A team composed of faculty members and graduate students from the school carries out these activities. Detailed information about EBSI can be found at

Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI)

The Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) in Washington, D.C. cares for one of the world’s most expansive collections of native artifacts, including objects, photographs, archives, and media covering the entire western hemisphere, from the Arctic Circle to Tierra del Fuego.

Established in 1989, through an Act of Congress, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian is an institution of living cultures dedicated to advancing knowledge and understanding of the life, languages, literature, history and arts of the native peoples of the western hemisphere.

The NMAI operates three facilities. The NMAI on the National Mall in Washington D.C.; the George Gustav Heye Center, a permanent museum in lower Manhattan; and the Cultural Resources Center in Suitland, Maryland, which houses the museum’s collections as well as the conservation, repatriation, and digital imaging programs, and research facilities. The NMAI’s off-site outreach efforts, often referred to as the “fourth museum,” include websites, traveling exhibitions, and community programs.

NMAI is committed to bringing native voices to what the museum writes and presents, whether on-site, at one of the three NMAI venues, through the museum’s publications, or via the Internet.

Penn Museum

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, through its research, collections, exhibitions, and educational programming, advances understanding of the world’s cultural heritage. Three gallery floors feature materials from Egypt, Mesopotamia, Canaan and Israel, Mesoamerica, Asia and the ancient Mediterranean world, as well as artifacts from native peoples of the Americas and Africa.

Founded in 1887, the Penn Museum is housed in a grand, Renaissance and eclectic-style historic building located on the University of Pennsylvania’s campus. The Museum features more than 25 galleries displaying artifacts from around the globe.  Penn Museum has sent more than 400 research expeditions around the world, collected more than a million objects, and is currently engaged In more than 75 research projects around the globe.

The Museum continues to undertake field and laboratory research to produce significant knowledge about the human past and present. The Museum is committed to developing engaging exhibits, educational programs, and electronic communications about the human condition, providing opportunities to experience authentic cultural materials and contribute meaningful and enjoyable experiences about what it means to be human.

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BAnQ)

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec (BAnQ) was founded in 2006 as a result of the merging of the Bibliothèque nationale du Québec with the Archives nationales du Québec, respectively the national library and the national archives of Québec. The new institution is one of the largest French-language public libraries in the world. Because of its online accessibility, it can also be considered a virtual library, open day and night.

BAnQ is concerned with the acquisition, processing, preservation, and dissemination of heritage collections. These include the National Collection, which consists of everything published in Québec, documents published outside Québec whose author or subject are related to Québec, and documents from elsewhere with long-term value, as well as collections of cultural interest.

The Loi sur Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec is the law which governs both the institution and legal deposit, which was inaugurated in 1968 and is the chief means by which BAnQ acquires published documents. Archives are deposited by government ministries, public agencies subject to the law governing archives, and gifts from individuals and private organisations. With a total of 10 archives centres in Québec City, Montréal, Gatineau, Rimouski, Rouyn-Noranda, Saguenay, Sept-Îles, Sherbrooke, Trois-Rivières and Gaspé, the institution offers access throughout Québec.

The institution also supervises, supports, and advises public and private agencies as regards to document management. In this context, it maintains a section of its web portal specifically for native communities (French-language only). The section includes work in progress aimed at creating a guide for managing First Nations archives. This project is maintained jointly with representatives from First Nation communities.

Field Museum

The Field Museum of Natural History has worked and partnered with a number of Native American tribes and other indigenous groups both domestically and internationally, including Canadian First Nations. The Museum is an educational institution that seeks to increase knowledge about the diversity of life on earth and an understanding of the world’s diverse peoples and their cultures.

The Field Museum was incorporated in the State of Illinois on September 16, 1893 as the Columbian Museum of Chicago. In 1905, the Museum’s name was changed to the Field Museum of Natural History to honor the Museum’s first major benefactor, Marshall Field, and to emphasize its natural sciences collection in anthropology, botany, geology and zoology.

The Museum holds encyclopaedic collections of biological and geological specimens and cultural objects. As is the case with other great research libraries, its collections of more than 20 million items are a crucial part of the world’s knowledge database for the sciences, humanities and the arts. Combining the fields of anthropology, botany, geology, palaeontology and zoology, the Museum uses an interdisciplinary approach to increasing knowledge about the past, present and future of the physical earth, its plants, animals, people, and their cultures, so that we may better understand, respect, and celebrate nature and other people.

Conseil consultatif des femmes de Mashteuiatsh

Women hold a fundamental role in passing on values and cultural knowledge. The main role of the Women’s Board is to advise the Pekuakamiulnuatsh Takuhikan. The board presents and defends women’s points on various questions, while promoting their interests and making known their preoccupations, thus contributing to realising the mission of the Pekuakamiulnuatsh Takuhikan and the development of the community. The Women’s Board is constituted by nomination, following public notice. It is composed of seven women, aged 18 and over.